Chess Opening Moves

Wed, 28 May 2008 19:54

Chess Opening Moves

Best chess opening strategy and move.


The opening moves in every chess game almost always tell how the rest of the game will go about. They not only determine who has control of the game but also provide the chance to position all your chess pieces to your advantage.

Chess opening moves pertain to not one but a series of moves done during the first part of the game. Different tactics are always used in this phase -- all aimed at gaining a sufficient advantage over one's opponent, may it be a fellow player or just a computer. Being the first one to make a move is a plus, and for this reason, players often want to go with light-colored chess pieces.

Chess rules imply that in any game, the player with the light-colored pieces or the Whites always gets to move first. Who will get the Whites is usually decided by a game of luck or chance. Flipping coins, drawing lots, and guessing games are the common ways used for this purpose.

Common Goals of Opening Moves

Chess opening moves are important in a sense that they are used in various ways so a player can have an early advantage in the game.

    - Developing the pieces. Getting the first turn to move the pieces will obviously give any player a good shot at winning. Why? Well, opening moves are meant to help players determine the purpose of each of his chess pieces. Should his key pieces provide defense or should they go for an offense? More often than not, by developing the pieces, a player also gradually develops a strategy.

    - Controlling the center. The center is the most attractive post for many of the pieces, especially the high-value ones, because being in control of this specific part of the board provides power. When the pieces are strongly placed at the center, there is more room for them to move. Since the center is accessible to almost all the other squares on the board, chess pieces placed on it will have no difficulty moving around and about.

    - Safeguarding the king. The most important piece in chess, the king, should be given the strongest protection as its capture indicates the end of the game and consequently the loss of a player. Since it is highly exposed to attack by being in the bottom center of the board, it should be taken out of this danger zone during the opening moves. This is when castling comes in handy. Castling is an important move that many players use to keep the king away from the hot seat.

    - Proper arrangement of the Pawns. The pawns, with their very limited movement, are subject to vulnerability as well. Therefore, it is important to develop their positions on the board right from the start. This can be done by placing them in squares where they won't be too awkward to move or easily captured in the succeeding moves.

    - Keeping the pieces intact. A good chess defense is one where the player's entire squad is constantly together with every attack. This can only be done if the pieces are arranged in a way where coordination is possible.

Opening Moves Variations

There are many kinds of opening moves a player can do. Just some of the most common chess openings are the Sicilian Defense, Traxler Variation, Reti Opening, Two Knights Defense, Queen's Gambit Declined, and Latvian Gambit. A player should use the opening variation that he thinks would help him defeat his opponent. 

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