History of Roulette

Sat, 07 Jun 2008 19:47

History of Roulette

An article about the past of roulette, the history.


Roulette, a French word which literally means "small wheel," is a gambling game popularly played in casino houses. Playing roulette is fairly easy and simple. All a participant should do is to bet money on a specific figure or figures from numbers 1 to 37 (or 38), which are indicated on a wheel. A roulette croupier will simultaneously spin the ball and the wheel into two opposite directions. If the ball falls or stops on the number where the player has chosen to bet, he wins the game. Of course, there is a variety of strategies on how to win at roulette.

There are different stories and versions behind the history and invention of roulette. One version says that roulette game can be traced back to the Age of Scientific Revolution in Europe. It was invented by the famous mathematician, Blaise Pascal, sometime in 1655. Roulette was the outcome of Pascal's struggles to invent a device that continuously moves without stopping. In his experiments, he used wheels and observed their motions. Today, roulette wheel is a bit changed as compared to Pascal's original design, yet the game is still very much attributed to him.

The other version of the history says that the roulette game was invented by Francois Blanc, the founder of the first gambling houses in the 17th century in Monte Carlo. It is believed that the number 0 on a wheel was added by Blanc and his friend to increase the chance of the house to win the game.

In 1800, French immigrants brought roulette with them as they traveled to the United States. It was also in America that the other 0 was added to produce the 00 figure on the disc or wheel of roulette. This number increases the roulette odds of the house to win the game. After several years of its introduction in the United States soil, roulette was included in the list of games played in the United States casino houses.

Roulette became widely known in every region of the US and Europe. Moreover, many Europeans and Americans learned to love this wheel game and began to understand the roulette strategy. Hence, it became a very famous gambling game in different countries in Europe and different states in the US. Because of the people's admiration and addiction to it, they even labeled roulette as the "King of Casino (or House) Games." Gambling historians said that such title was derived because of roulette's association with the popularity and charm of Monte Carlo casinos where the said game was commonly played at that time. Monte Carlo was the place where Monsieur Blanc built and established popular gambling houses.

A popular tale on how Monsieur Blanc became a successful roulette player and casino founder has been circulating since the early times of roulette. The tale said that Monsieur sold his soul to Satan or to the devil. The payment was the secret strategies of gambling games, especially roulette. Other people support this tale on the basis that the sum of the figures indicated on a wheel is 666, a number that the Bible associates with the anti-Christs or the devil.