History Of Super bowl

Thu, 18 Sep 2008 00:02

History Of Super Bowl

Football is one of the most loved sports in the United States. In fact, NFL games are eagerly awaited by football enthusiasts across the country. Fans go to stadiums to witness two teams battle it out for the win. The football game that gets the most attention, though, is the Superbowl. In fact, there are many networks that have broadcast the Super Bowl on television. These networks include ABC, CBS, NBC, and FOX. The Super Bowl actually happens to be the most watched television program of the year in the United States, with millions of people tuning in to watch the game.

The Super Bowl is the much-awaited championship game of the National Football League or the NFL. The football game and its festivities are also known as Super Bowl Sunday. Through the years, the Super Bowl increased in popularity and became the most-watched television broadcast in the United States every year. Next to Thanksgiving, Super Bowl Sunday is actually the day in which Americans consume the most food. 

The beginnings of the Super Bowl

Before the merging of the National Football League and the American Football League, these leagues decided that each of their league's championship team would play against each other. This game was called the "AFL-NFL World Championship Game," with the first one being held on January 15, 1967. In 1970, the two leagues merged and the Super Bowl was then formed as the NFL's championship game. The two teams that would play in the Super Bowl are the champions of the two NFL conferences, which are the National Football Conference and the American Football Conference.

How the Super Bowl got its name

When the AFL and NFL were discussing the competition that would determine the world football champion, then NFL Commissioner Pete Rozelle came up with the idea of calling the game "The Big One." However, Lamar Hunt, the founder of the AFL and the owner of the Kansas City Chiefs franchise jokingly called the championship as the "Super Bowl." Hunt's kids play with a toy known as Super Ball and this inspired Hunt to think of "Super Bowl." Although Hunt intended for the name to be temporary, it stuck. Because the Super Bowl extends into the following year, it uses Roman numerals to distinguish one game from another instead of just indicating the year in which it was held. For instance, the Super Bowl held in 1996 is actually the championship game for the 1995 season.    

Early Super Bowl games

With quarterback Bart Starr as their leader, the Green Bay Packers won the first two Super Bowl games against the Kansas City Chiefs and the Oakland Raiders. The Packers team was then called the "Team of the 1960s" because of the five championships won by the team during the 1960s and the 12 championships it has been part of since the founding of the team in 1919.

The third Super Bowl game ended the dominance of the Green Bay Packers as the New York Jets ended up with the Super Bowl title, beating the Baltimore Colts. Quarterback Joe Namath led the team to their win and received the MVP award.

During the 1970s, the Pittsburgh Steelers and the Miami Dolphins were at the top of the game, winning a combined total of six championships in ten years. The Dolphins won Super Bowl VII and VIII while the Steelers bagged the Super Bowl trophy for four Super Bowls: IX, X, XII, and XIV. Aside from these two teams, the Dallas Cowboys were the only ones to win Super Bowls within the decade, for the VI and XII games.

The 1980s and 1990s

At the end of the 1980 season, the Oakland Raiders managed to win the Super Bowl title. After that, the NFC continued to win 15 out of the next 16 Super Bowls. The NFC also won 16 out of 20 Super Bowls during the 1980s and 1990s. During the 1980s, the San Francisco 49ers dominated over all the teams, winning four Super Bowls within ten years. The Super Bowls won by the 49ers include Super Bowls XVI, XIX, XXIII, and XXIV. Led by quarterback Joe Montana and, under the coaching of Bill Walsh, the 49ers were known widely for their fast-paced west coast offense. Other teams that were victorious during the 1980s were the Chicago Bears and the Washington Redskins.

The 1990s saw the rise of the Dallas Cowboys as they won three out of four Super Bowls they appeared in. The Buffalo Bills also appeared in four subsequent Super Bowls, although they didn't win in any of those games. Aside from the Dallas Cowboys and the Buffalo Bills, other teams that were notable during the 1990s for their wins were the San Francisco 49ers and the Green Bay Packers.

In Super Bowl XXXII, the Denver Broncos ended the 13-game winning streak of the NFC teams, and began a winning streak in which AFC teams won eight out of the next ten Super Bowl games. The Broncos also won the Super Bowl XXXIII, followed by a win by the St. Louis Rams in Super Bowl XXXIV. After that, the AFC went on winning Super Bowls, with the New England Patriots and Baltimore Ravens taking home some Super Bowl trophies.

The 2000s

During the first five Super Bowls in the early 2000s, the New England Patriots won three of them. During Super Bowl XXXVI, quarterback Tom Brady led the team to its win against the Rams. Even though the Patriots missed the playoffs in 2002, they still managed to win Super Bowls XXXVIII and XXXIX. The Indianapolis Colts then succeeded in winning the Super Bowl in 2006, but the Patriots proved they were out to dominate when they won again in 2007. However, the New York Giants managed to beat the Patriots in Super Bowl XLII.

Entertainment during Super Bowl games

The halftime shows of early Super Bowls featured marching bands from various local high schools or colleges. However, as the game increased in popularity, popular musicians and singers became the trend. The halftime shows, pre-game ceremonies, and the national anthem of the United States were performed by well-known singers.

Where Super Bowl games are held

Out of the forty-two Super Bowls, twenty-five have been played in one of these three areas: New Orleans, Louisiana, the Greater Los Angeles, and the Greater Miami. The Greater Miami has hosted seven Super Bowls, while the Greater Los Angeles and New Orleans have hosted nine Super Bowls each. Aside from these, other hosts include San Diego, California and Tampa, Florida, with both of them hosting three Super Bowls each. The location of the Super Bowl game is selected by the NFL usually three to five years before the game is held. Cities interested in hosting a Super Bowl place bids and these cities are then evaluated by the NFL according to various factors. These factors include stadium renovation and the ability of the city to host a Super Bowl game.

The locations for the next four Super Bowls have already been determined. On October 16, 2007, Roger Goodell, an NFL commissioner, suggested that one of the future Super Bowls might be held in London. If this happens, then that would be the first time that the Super Bowl will be held in a region that doesn't have an NFL franchise. Although eight Super Bowls have been held in Los Angeles, none were played there ever since the Los Angeles Rams and Los Angeles Raiders transferred in 1995.