Mlb GuideWed, 22 Oct 2008 12:48
Major League Baseball teams, betting and information guide.
|Betting & Facts|| The World Series
The roots of MLB can be traced back to 1870s. The MLB is currently led by Bud Selig and consists of 30 teams from both the United States and Canada. The Boston Red Sox is the most recent champion with New York Yankees holding the record with most championships won.
In structure, the Major League Baseball is composed of two leagues -- the American League, which consists of fourteen teams, and the National League, which has a total of sixteen teams. Each league is then subdivided into 3 divisions, tagged as West, Central, and East. With the exception of designated times of the year, the necessity for interleague games becomes not possible due to the uneven balance of teams.
MLB effectively functions as a single league and being so, it constitutes one of North America’s major professional sports leagues. To be more specific, MLB refers to the organization that guides the National League and the American League through joint organizational structure that continued to exist between both leagues since 1903. They hold their games per season, with each season consisting of 162 games generally starting on the first Sunday in April and ending on the first Sunday of October. The playoffs are held in October or sometime November each year.
MLB guide: difference between the American League and the National League
The rules are basically similar among both leagues. However, there is one exception -- the American League operates following the Designated Hitter Rule (DH Rule) while this is not true for the National League. With this difference in the rule, both leagues then display distinct schemes in terms of style of play. The use of DH Rule in the All Star, World Series, and Interleague games is decided upon by the home team’s league rules. When violations to the rules are committed, penalties are applied. This was applied in 2000 to two leagues that were officially disbanded as separate legal entities, where all rights as well as functions were consolidated in the commissioner’s office.
The MLB is governed by the Major League Baseball Constitution that underwent numerous rebirths since 1876, with its most recent revisions done in 2005. Under current Commissioner Bud Selig, Major League Baseball hires and manages the sport’s umpiring crews, and settles labor, marketing or advertisement, and television contracts. The “closed shop” element of MLB for many North American sports leagues has efficiently prevented the yearly promotion and downgrading of teams into and out of the Major League due to their performance. Although private enterprises are generally funded by MLB, it is also funded by public taxes. This makes MLB maintain a one-of-a-kind controlling relationship over the sport, including a majority of the aspects of minor league baseball. This is also largely due to a Supreme Court ruling in 1922 with regards the Federal Baseball Club v. National League, stating that baseball is not subject to federal antitrust law because it is not an interstate commerce. In subsequent years however, this ruling has been slightly weakened.
The MLB Advanced Media, which is the multimedia/production wing of MLB in New York, oversees the MLB.com including the 30 sites representing each team’s website. As agreed, the MLB Advanced Media holds editorial independence from the league itself, although it is under the same revenue-sharing plan and ownership group. Similarly, MLB Productions is a wing of the league with identical structure but focuses on traditional media and video.